is a Mediterranean cuisine. Contemporary Greek cookery makes wide use of vegetables, olive oil, grains, fish, wine, and meat (white and red, including lamb, poultry and pork). Other important ingredients include olives, cheese, eggplant (aubergine), zucchini (courgette), lemon juice, vegetables, herbs, bread and yoghurt. The most commonly used grain is wheat; barley is also used. Common dessert ingredients include nuts, honey, fruits, and filo pastry.
Greece has an ancient culinary tradition dating back several millennia, and over the centuries Greek cuisine has evolved and absorbed numerous influences and influenced many cuisines itself.
Some dishes can be traced back to ancient Greece: lentil soup, fasolada, retsina (white or rosé wine flavored with pine resin) and pasteli (candy bar with sesame seeds baked with honey); some to the Hellenistic and Roman periods: loukaniko (dried pork sausage); and Byzantium: feta cheese, avgotaraho (cured fish roe) and paximadi (traditional hard bread baked from corn, barley and rye). There are also many ancient and Byzantine dishes which are no longer consumed: porridge as the main staple, fish sauce, and salt water mixed into wine.
Many dishes are part of the larger tradition of Greek cuisine: moussaka, tzatziki, yuvarlakia, keftethes, boureki, and so on.
Where is Greece on a map?
Greece is one of the countries around the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Turkey, in southern Europe. The main cities of ancient Greece were Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and Corinth.
How long ago was Ancient Greece?
The Greeks arrived in Greece about 2000 BC (4000 years ago). The Trojan War was about 1200 BC. Classical Athenian democracy got started in 509 BC. Alexander the Great died in 323 BC, and the Romans conquered Greece about 150 BC (just over 2000 years ago).
What was so important about the city of Athens?
Athens was the first place in the world to have a democratic government, and it was where a lot of great art and theater came from. Athens was also the place where Socrates developed a new way of teaching and thinking about science that grew into modern scientific method.
What kind of food did ancient Greek people eat?
Mostly people ate whole-grain bread with olive oil and vinegar, and they drank a lot of wine. They ate cucumbers and onions and garlic, eggs and yogurt and cheese with their bread, and sometimes a little chicken or lamb or salami. They loved honey cakes for dessert.